Blackheads, also known as open comedones, are a problem many women face. Cosmetologists refer to them as non-inflammatory elements of the first order. These marks often appear on the chin, cheeks, and sides of the nose. Let's figure out why blackheads appear and how to deal with them.
What are blackheads?
Blackheads are a type of acne accompanied by a buildup of sebum, dead skin cells, and dirt particles that have come into direct contact with the skin from the external environment. They can appear on the skin prone to oiliness, hyperkeratosis, and enlarged pores. The top of the sebaceous plug turns black due to melanin and skin sebum. The pores become heavily clogged and significantly wider.
Causes of blackheads
There are many reasons why blackheads may appear:
- Hormonal imbalances caused by health problems or age-related factors
- Improper sebaceous gland function
- Improper diet: excessive consumption of sweet, spicy, and fatty foods and pastries
- Incorrectly chosen cosmetics for skin care
- Hereditary predisposition
- Frequent touching of the face with hands
- Irregular and improper care
Lack of sleep also affects the condition of the skin. Let’s take a closer look at the key causes of blackheads.
Hormones- Sebum production from the skin depends on a hormone called testosterone. If the testosterone level in the blood is elevated and the sebaceous glands are susceptible to this hormone, a significant amount of sebum is produced.
During adolescence, there is an unstable hormonal balance, which is the most dangerous period for the appearance of blackheads. Hormonal fluctuations also occur during menopause or pregnancy.
Diet- The appearance of skin breakouts can be related to an improper diet, especially an excess of sweet and starchy foods. Consuming too many of these fast carbohydrates increases the production of sebum. Therefore, reducing the number of sweets and starchy foods and reviewing your daily menu is recommended.
Insufficient cleansing or exfoliation
Improper skin care is one of the most important reasons for the appearance of blackheads. It is necessary to clean the skin and remove makeup. Micellar water and various cleansing gels and mouses are excellent for this purpose.
Improperly selected cosmetics- Cosmetics for skin care should be chosen carefully. First of all, it should be suitable for a particular skin type. It is also recommended to examine the composition carefully. Some cosmetics can clog pores and thus provoke the appearance of blackheads. Therefore, if the skin is prone to acne, it is necessary to look for cosmetics labelled "non-comedogenic".
Basic care for preventing blackheads
There are different procedures for taking care of your skin to prevent acne. The most important ones are washing, exfoliating, moisturising, and deep cleansing.
Washing- the habitual procedure of washing is easy for many people. Do not use aggressive cleansing products to remove blackheads, even if your skin seems too oily. Such care will only increase the number of pimples.
The skin should be cleansed without over-drying it. For this purpose, gentle cleansing products and special makeup removers are excellent. Oily skin requires thorough cleansing with a gel or foam in the morning and evening, followed by an alcohol-free toner.
Exfoliation- exfoliants remove dead skin cells, which helps prevent pore blockage. Choosing cosmetic products based on enzymes and acids is necessary if the skin is problematic and prone to inflammation. Delicate scrubs and peels can also be used as exfoliants.
Moisturising- The skin needs constant and intense moisturising. Quality moisturising products can achieve the desired result. When there is a lack of moisture in the skin, it begins to produce as much as possible.
When choosing products, it is recommended to pay attention to the skin type:
- For dehydrated skin, products containing hydro fixators are necessary. Hyaluronic acid is one such component.
- For oily skin, products with a gel-like texture are more suitable.
Heavy lotions or creams can clog pores. Add products that retain moisture and nourish the dermis to keep the skin smooth and super moisturised.
Deep cleansing- To prevent the growth of bacteria and deeply cleanse the skin, it is necessary to use masks for deep cleansing. They can help with express pore cleansing.
Masks should not be used more than 1-2 times a week, and it is essential not to let the product dry out. Clay can cause tightness in such cases.
How to get rid of blackheads at home?
There is a simple folk method of fighting blackheads- squeeze them out. Many girls do this, but we do not recommend it. If you stem the cleansed skin, you can cause inflammatory processes. In this case, you will have to fight acne and other problems.
It is worth trusting an experienced cosmetologist for facial cleansing rather than self-treatment. You can perform such procedures yourself:
- Treat the skin with peeling or scrub
- Apply a cleansing mask to the skin
- Use a light moisturising cream
Nutrient preparations should include vegetable oils, fatty acids, vitamins, as well as plum extracts.
Cosmetic products for fighting blackheads
To get rid of blackheads, you need to use several categories of beauty products:
- Moisturising serum or cream
- Cleansing mask
Purifying clay mask- clay masks act as part of an express procedure. This product will cleanse the sin between various salon procedures and bind sebum and dirt.
Exfoliants-Chemical and mechanical peels stimulate the process of skin renewal. The composition of the products should include azelaic, fruit, and glycolic acids. They are responsible for renewing the skin surface and will exfoliate dead skin cells. Chemical exfoliants must be based on gentle acids. You can also purchase gentle mechanical scrubs with tiny abrasive particles. It is important to remember that peeling cannot be performed if there are open inflammations on the skin.
A proper selection of cosmetics, the right combination of components, and constant care will help eliminate blackheads and enjoy the freshness and cleanliness of the face.